Mark A. Bullock

Planetary Atmospheres Section Manager

Southwest Research Institute
Department of Space Studies
1050 Walnut St., Suite 400
Boulder, Colorado 80302

Phone: (303) 546-9027
FAX :  (303) 546-9687

 email: bullock@boulder.swri.edu

 

Research

Teaching

Scientific Papers

Popular Articles

Invited Talks

Abstracts

Profesional Activities

Work Experience


EDUCATION

B.S., Physics, Harvey Mudd College, Claremont, California, 1978
M.S., Physics, San Jose State University, San Jose, California, 1991
Ph.D., Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, 1997


CURRENT RESEARCH

Planetary Atmospheres Section Manager
Southwest Research Institute
Department of Space Studies

TEACHING

Climate Change Science
Center for Science and Technology Policy Research, Global Climate Change and Society Program
University of Colorado
Summer, 2002

Climate Change Science
Center of the American West, Global Climate Change and Society Program
University of Colorado
Summer, 2001

General Astronomy: Introduction to the Solar System
Astrophysical, Planetary and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Colorado
Summer, 1996


SCIENTIFIC PUBLICATIONS

Space Studies Board, New Frontiers in the Solar System:  An Integrated Exploration Strategy, National Research Council, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 2002

Bullock, M.A., and R.L. Frodeman, Undergraduates study climate change science, philosophy,and public policy, Eos 83, 23, 2002

Willis, G., R. Usiskin, J. Takahashi, A. Socci, J. Silson, L. Ris, L. Riihimaki, P. Mani, J. Groshek, N. Casebeer, A. Braddock, S. Belding, E. Ellsworth, M.A. Bullock, R.L. Frodeman, Global climate change: The state of the debate, Science, Technology and Society Newsletter 130, 1-4, 2001.

Phillips, R.J., M.A. Bullock, and S.A. Hauck, Climate and Interior Coupled Evolution on Venus, Geophys. Res. Lett. 28, 1779-1782, 2001.

Bullock, M.A. and D.H. Grinspoon, The Recent Evolution of Climate on Venus, Icarus 150, 19-37, 2001.

Solomon, S.C., M.A. Bullock, and D.H. Grinspoon, Climate Change as a Regulator of Tectonics on Venus, Science 286, 87-89, 1999.

Moore, J.M, and M.A. Bullock, Experimental Studies of Mars-Analog Brines, J. Geophys. Res. 104, 21,925-21,934, 1999.

Bullock, M.A., The Stability of Climate on Venus, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, 1997.

Stoker, C.R. and M.A. Bullock, Organic Degradation under Simulated Martian Conditions, J. Geophys. Res. 102, 10,881-10,888, 1997.

Bullock, M.A., and D.G. Grinspoon, The Stability of Climate on Venus, J. Geophys. Res. 101, 7521-7529, 1996.

Bullock, M.A., C.R. Stoker, C.P. McKay, and A.P. Zent, A Coupled Soil-Atmosphere Model of H2O2 on Mars, Icarus 107, 142-154, 1994.

Bullock, M.A., D.H. Grinspoon, and J.W. Head, Venus Resurfacing Rates: Constraints Provided by 3-D Monte Carlo Simulations, Geophys. Res. Lett. 20, 2147-2150, 1993.

Bullock, M.A., The Destruction of Organic Compounds on Mars, Master's Thesis, San Jose State University, San Jose, California, 1991.

Bullock, M.A., UBV Variability in Flare Stars, Bachelor's Thesis, Harvey Mudd College, Claremont, California, 1978.


POPULAR ARTICLES

Bullock, M.A., Soil of Mars, in Mercury, pp. 11-16, Sept/Oct 1994.

Bullock, M.A., Worlds Apart, in Mercury, p. 27, Sept/Oct 1995.

Bullock, M.A., Global Climate Change on Venus, Scientific American, March 1999.


INVITED TALKS

Mars Geochemistry and Future Experiment Needs, SwIM Mars Experiments and Rover Technologies Workshop, Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, Texas, August 7, 2002.

Volcanism, Clouds, and the Climate of Early Mars, Center for Origin, Dynamics, and Evolution of Planets Seminar, Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, University of California, Santa Cruz, California, January 25, 2002.

Mars:  A New Frontier for Science and Engineering, SwRI Initiative for Mars Kickoff Meeting, Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, Texas, November 11, 2001.

Volcanically Induced Climate Change on Mars and Venus, European Geophysical Society Meeting, Nice, France, March 28, 2001.

Astrobiology at NASA, Space Science and Engineering Division Meeting, Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, Texas, January 29, 2001.

Meridional Circulation and the Formation of Clouds on Venus, Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics Journal Club, University of Colorado, Boulder, February 14, 2000.

Global Climate Change on Venus, Ball Aerospace and Technologies Corporation, Boulder, Colorado, July 16, 1999.

Geologically Driven Climate Change on Venus, Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston, Texas, June 4, 1999.

Climate Change on Venus, Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, April 5, 1999.


ABSTRACTS

Bullock, M.A., and D.H. Grinspoon, Climate Change on Venus and Future Spacecraft Mission Priorities, COSPAR, Houston, Texas, Abstract COSPAR02-A-02662, 2002.

Crowley, G., C. Freitas, M.A. Bullock, L.A. Young, D.H. Grinspoon, D.C. Boice, R. Link, and W. Hubner, Development of a New Mars Atmosphere Model, B.A.A.S. 34, Birmingham, Alabama, 2002.

Pieters, C.M., M.A. Bullock, R. Greeley, B. Jolliff, A.L. Sprague, and E.R. Stofan, Lunar Exploration in the Context of the Decadal Solar System Survey, The Moon beyond 2000, Taos, New Mexico, 2002.

Bullock, M.A., D.H. Grinspoon, and R.J. Phillips, Volcanism, Clouds, and the Early Climate of Mars, Fall American Geophysical Union Meeting, p. P31B-03, San Francisco, 2001.

Frodeman, R.L., and M.A. Bullock, Global Climate Change and Society:  Scientific, Policy, and Philosophic Themes, Fall American Geophysical Union Meeting, p. GC22B-12, San Francisco, 2001.

Silson, J., M.A. Bullock, and R.L. Frodeman, Guiding Science and Policy Through the Global Climate Change Debate, Fall American Geophysical Union Meeting, p. GC31A-0198, San Francisco, 2001.

Bullock, M.A., and D.H. Grinspoon, How Hot Can Venus Get?, B.A.A.S. 33, 4.07, 2001.

Pieters, C.M., M.A. Bullock, R. Greeley, B. Jolliff, A.L. Sprague, and E.R. Stofan, SSES Inner Planets Panel Formulation of Science Priorities, B.A.A.S. 33, 2001.

Bullock, M.A., D.H. Grinspoon, and R.J. Phillips, Volcanically Induced Climate Change on Mars and Venus, European Geophysical Society Meeting, Nice, France 2001.

Grinspoon, D.H., and M.A. Bullock, Volcanically Induced Climate Change on CO2-Dominated Terrestrial Planets, NASA Astrobiology Institute General Meeting, Washington, D.C., 2001.

Young, L.A., M.A. Bullock, W.B. Colwell, D.D. Durda, K. Gleason, J.W. Parker, S.A. Stern, D. Terrell, and E.F. Young, Photometric Monitoring of Triton at Sommers-Bausch Observatory in 2000, LPSC XXXII, Abstract 1999, 2001.

Bullock, M.A., J.M. Moore, and M.T. Mellon, Aqueous Alteration of Mars-Analog Rocks under an Acidic Atmosphere, LPSC XXXII, Abstract 2026, 2001.

Phillips, R.J., M.A. Bullock, D.H. Grinspoon, B.M. Hyneck, O. Aharonson, R.M.E. Williams, and S.A. Hauck, Did Tharsis Influence Climate and Fluvial Activity on Mars?, Fall AGU Meeting, 2000.

Bullock, M.A., R.J. Phillips, and D.H. Grinspoon, Climatic Effects of the Formation of Tharsis on Mars, B.A.A.S. 32, p.1092, 2000.

Grinspoon, D.H., and M.A. Bullock, Impact Induced Climate Change on Venus:  The role of Large Comets, B.A.A.S. 32, 1119-1120, 2000.

Phillips, R.J., M.T. Zuber, W.B. Banerdt, M.A. Bullock, D.H. Grinspoon, O. Aharonson, S.A. Hauck, B.M. Hyneck, and R.M.E. Williams, Tharsis Iinfluence on Global Shape, Fluvial Activity, and Climate, Keystone Mars Workshop, 2000.

Grinspoon, D.H., and M.A. Bullock, Global Change on Venus:  Evolution of an Extreme Environment, Spring AGU Meeting, 2000.

Bullock, M.A., S.C. Solomon, and D.H. Grinspoon, Relationships Among Volcanic Eruptions, Climate Change, and Tectonics on Venus:  The Effects of Medium-Sized Eruptions, LPSC XXXI, Abstract 2051, 2000.

Dombard, A.J., S.C. Solomon, M.A. Bullock, R.J. Phillips, and D.H. Grinspoon, The Formation of Wrinkle Ridges on Venus via Climate Change:  A Thermomechanical Finite Element Analysis, LPSC XXXI, Abstract 1197, 2000.

Bullock, M.A., and D.H. Grinspoon, The Abundance of Sulfur in Venus Magmas, B.A.A.S. 31, 1999.

Moore, J.M., M.A. Bullock, M.T. Mellon, C.R. Woosley, and A.P. Zent, Experimental Studies of Brines and Evaporites as Applied to Mars:  Initial Results from 1998-1999 Runs, The Fifth International Conference on Mars, Abstract 6056, LPI Contribution No. 972, 1999.

Grinspoon, D.H., and M.A. Bullock, Evolution of Atmospheres on Terrestrial Planets, AGU 1999 Spring Meeting, 1999.

Phillips, R.J., and M.A. Bullock, Coupled Climate and Interior Evolution on Venus, LPSC XXX, Abstract 1385, 1999.

Moore, J.M., and M.A. Bullock, Experimental Studies of Brines and Evaporites as Applied to Mars:  Initial Results from 1998-1999 Runs, LPSC XXX, Abstract 1922, 1999.

Bullock, M.A., and D.H. Grinspoon, Climate Change on Venus, B.A.A.S. 30, 1998.

Bullock, M.A., and D.H. Grinspoon, Geological Forcing of Surface Temperatures on Venus, LPSC XXIX, Abstract 1542, 1998.

Solomon, S.C., M.A. Bullock, and D.H. Grinspoon, Climate Change as a Regulator of Global Tectonics on Venus, LPSC XXIX, Abstract 1624, 1998.

Moore, J.M., M.A. Bullock, M.T. Mellon, A.P. Zent, and C.L. Woosley, Martian Brines and Evaporites:  Experimental Studies, LPSC XXIX, 1998.

Solomon, S.C., M.A. Bullock, and D.H. Grinspoon, Climate Change as a Regulator of Gobal Tectonics on Venus, AGU Meeting, EOS 79, 1998.

Bullock, M.A., and D.H. Grinspoon, Cloud-Climate Interactions on Venus, LPSC XXVIII, 1997.

Stoker, C.R., and M.A. Bullock, Organic Degradation under Simulated Martian Conditions, LPSC XXVIII, 1997.

Bullock, M.A., J.M. Moore, and M.T. Mellon, Experimental studies of Mars-analog brines, Conference on Early Mars:  Geologic and Hydrologic Evolution, Physical Environments, and the Implications for Life, 1997.

Bullock, M.A., The Stability of Climate on Venus, Venus II--Geology, Geophysics, Atmosphere and Solar Wind Environment, 1995.

Bullock, M.A., and D.H. Grinspoon, Atmospheric Water Variability and the Venus Greenhouse Effect, B.A.A.S. 27, 1995.

Bullock, M.A., and D.H. Grinspoon, Climatic Consequences of Episodic Outgassing on Venus, Spring AGU Meeting, EOS 76, p. S190, 1995.

Grinspoon, D.H., and M.A. Bullock, Implications of Resurfacing for the History of Atmospheric Water on Venus, B.A.A.S. 27, 1995.

Bullock, M.A., D.H. Grinspoon, and J.W. Head, The Time Dependence of Resurfacing on Venus: Constraints Provided by the Impact Cratering Record, AGU Meeting, EOS 75, p. 215, 1994.

Bullock, M.A., D.H. Grinspoon, and J.B. Pollack, Venus Climate Stability and Volcanic Resurfacing Rates, Abstracts of the 25th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 1994.

Grinspoon, D.H., M.A. Bullock, J.B. Pollack, and J.W. Head, The Climate History of Venus, EOS 75, p. 214, 1994.

Moore, J.M., M.A. Bullock, and C.R. Stoker, Experimental Studies of Brines and Evaporites as Applied to Mars, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, 1994.

Bullock, M.A., D.H. Grinspoon, and J.W. Head, Venus Resurfacing Rates: Constraints Provided by 3-D Monte Carlo Simulations, AGU Meeting, EOS 74, p. 189, 1993.

Bullock, M.A., D.H. Grinspoon, and J.W. Head, Venus Resurfacing Rates: Constraints Provided by 3-D Monte Carlo Simulations, in Abstracts of the 24th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, pp. 213-214, 1993.

Bullock, M.A., D.H. Grinspoon, and J.B. Pollack, Perturbations to the Venus Greenhouse Effect Due to Mineral Equilibrium Buffering, B.A.A.S. 25, 1993.

Grinspoon, D.H., M.A. Bullock, and J.W. Head, Resurfacing History of Venus and Implications for Atmospheric Evolution, B.A.A.S. 25,  p. 1094, 1993.

Moore, J.M., M.A. Bullock, and C.R. Stoker, Mars brine formation experiment, Abstracts of the 24th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, p. 1005-1006, 1993.

Bullock, M.A., D.H. Grinspoon, and J.W. Head, Modeling the Volcanic Resurfacing of Venus, Abstracts of the 23rd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 1992.

Bullock, M.A., D.H. Grinspoon, and J.W. Head, Monte Carlo Modeling of Resurfacing of Venus, Brown University-Vernadsky Institute Workshop Microsymposium 15, 1992.

Bullock, M.A., D.H. Grinspoon, and J.W. Head, Monte Carlo Modeling of the Resurfacing of Venus, International Colloquium on Venus, p. 14, LPI Contribution 789, 1992.

Moore, J.M., M.A. Bullock, and C.R. Stoker, Mars Brine Formation Experiment, MSATT Workshop on Chemical Weathering on Mars, pp. 20-21, LPI Technical Report Number 92-04, 1992.

Bullock, M.A., C.R. Stoker, C.P. McKay, A.P. Zent, and J.F. Becker, A Coupled Soil/Atmosphere Model for the Transport of H2O2 through the Martian Environment, B.A.A.S. 22, Abstract 11.03, 1990.

Bullock, M.A., C.R. Stoker, C.P. McKay, A.P. Zent, and J.F. Becker, The Oxidation and Degradation of Organic Compounds Under Simulated Martian Conditions, B.A.A.S. 21, Abstract 13.07, 1989.


PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES

Panel Member, NASA Planetary Geology and Geophysics Review Panel 7/29/02- 8/2/02.

Participant, Denver Museum of Nature and Science, Astrobiology Workshop, 5/21/02.

Panel Member, National Research Council, Space Studies Board, A New Strategy for Solar System Exploration, Inner Planets Panel, 9/1/01-5/4/02.

Chair, Southwest Research Institute, Department of Space Studies Colloquium Series, 1/1/01-12/31/01.

Panel Member, NASA Planetary Geology and Geophysics Review Panel, 8/00.

Participant, NASA Planetary Geology and Geophysics Volcanology Workshop, Kilauea, Hawaii, 8/98.


WORK EXPERIENCE

November 1997 to April 1999
Research Associate
Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics
University of Colorado

July 1994 to November 1997
Graduate Student Researcher
NASA's Graduate Student Research Program
Proposal Title: A Systems Approach to Venus Climate Modeling
Astrophysical, Planetary and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Colorado

Advisor: Dr. David Grinspoon

January 1989 to August 1991
Research Assistant
NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California
Experimental studies of organic destruction rates on Mars
Theoretical modeling of H2O2 transport in the Martian environment

Advisor: Dr. Carol Stoker

August 1988 to December 1988
Teaching Assistant
San Jose State University, San Jose, California
Taught and graded sophomore level physics laboratory
Tutored students in undergraduate physics

January 1987 to January 1988
Design Engineer
Kevex Corporation, San Carlos, California
Electronic design of X-ray flourescence and microanalysis instruments

December 1984 to July 1988
Engineering Consultant
Palo Alto, California
Design of manufacturing production lines for the semiconductor and
scientific instruments industries
Research and development of optoelectronic components

September 1981 to November 1984
Design Engineer
Hewlett Packard Corporation, Palo Alto, California
Design of a new generation of optoelectronic rotary shaft encoders

September 1978 to August 1981
Design Engineer
National Semiconductor Corporation, Santa Clara, California
Design of a product line of intelligent Light Emitting Diode arrays
Manufacturing engineering for overseas LED products


AWARDS

University of Colorado Doctoral Fellowship, 1991
Dean's Small Grant Award, 1993


PROFESSIONAL SOCIETIES

American Astronomical Society (Division for Planetary Sciences)
American Geophysical Union



 
 

Mark A. Bullock bullock@boulder.swri.edu, August 21, 2002.